Predators

1. Bull Frogs- nice picture

2. Bull Frogs- Lots of information
1. Jaguar-great information

2. Jaguar- pictures
1. Philippine Tarsier- facts
1. Gray Wolf- great information

2. Gray wolf- more facts
1. Brown Pelican-great facts

2. Brown Pelican- more facts
1. Killer Whale

2. Killer Whale
1.American Kestrel 1. Ladybird beetle 1. Happy Face Spider
1. Sonora Mountain Kingsnake

2. Sonora Mountain Kingsnake
1. Black and Yellow Argiope

2. Black and Yellow Argiope
1.White Spotted Octopus- pictres

2. White Spotted Octopus- Limited information
1. Chameleon

2. Graceful Chameleon
1. Great Crested Flycatcher-

2. Great Crested Flycatcher
1. Damsel Bug

2. Dragonflies and Damselflies

3. Dragonflies and Damselflies
1.Chimpanzee

2. Chimpanzee
1. Least Weasel

2. Least Weasel
1. Eastern Screeching Owl

2. Eastern Screeching Owl

3. Eastern Screeching Owl

Information from Bishop Mueseum Ohia Program

Happy-Face Spider (Theridon grallator)

Happy-face spiders live under leaves in the rainforest. When the sun shines through their green leaf ìroofs,î their yellow color and their ìhappy-faceî markings make them nearly invisible to predators. These marks are different on different spiders. One spider can look as if it is grinning and its neighbor can look like it is surprised. But these marks are not on the spidersí face, theyíre on the back of its abdomen. And the variety of marks probably fools birds and other predators who canít learn to recognize the happy-face spiders.
Female happy-face spiders are among the few spiders in the world that care for their young. After their eggs hatch, mother spiders feed and care for their children for several months. When she detects a small fly moving on her leaf ìroofî, the mother spider creeps to the edge of the leaf and throws a web that looks like a sticky lasso. Happy-face spiders are found on four Hawaiian islands, but look and behave slightly differently on each island. From this scientist believe new kinds of happy-face spiders may be developing. (Ohia Project- Bishop Museum)

Lava Cricket (Caconemobius fori)
Lava crickets live on fresh lava flows. They have adapted from life among wet rocks at the beach (the beach cricket is their cousin) to the hot rocks of fresh lava flows. They drink only fresh water. Lava crickets start colonizing smooth pahoehoe lava flows within a month after as eruption! They abandon an area within 20-100 years, when the barren lava flow becomes covered with plants. They spend their days in the cracks of lava flows and gather their food at night. The strong winds that blow over the lava bring them insects and other small creatures to eat. This food and water gets trapped in holes in lava rocks. A tasty meal to a lava cricket is one that has been cooked by the heat of a warm lava flow! Unlike many other types of crickets, lava crickets are wingless and they do not ìsing.î (Ohia Project- Bishop Museum)

Wekiu Bug (Nysius wekiuicola)

How can an insect possibly survive on an extremely cold, frozen and windy mountain top in the alpine desert? The wekiu bug does! Its black body absorbs the warmth of the sun and also blocks out the sunís harsh rays. It has long black legs to hold it off the cold ground and it takes advantage of warm places. Unlike its close relatives which have wings and can fly, the wekiu bug is wingless, flightless, and a predator. The closest relatives of the wekiu bug are seed eaters. They are adapted to sipping the body fluids of dead and nearly dead insects that the wind blows up the barren slopes of Mauna Kea and Mauna Loa. When these wind-blown insects reach the cold mountain-tops, they freeze. Wekiu bugs are the most active during the summer months when the mountain snows are melting. They go to the wet rock zones of melting snow to get water. (Ohia Project- Bishop Museum)

Carnivorous Caterpillar (Eupithecia, 18 species)

There are more than 100,000 different kinds of caterpillars in the world. Almost all eat leaves (herbivores), but a few are meat eaters (carnivores), Caterpillars that ambush their prey live only in the Hawaiian Islands! the carnivorous caterpillar perches on a leaf, twig or truck in forest and shrublands and waits for food. It holds on with four legs on its tail end. When some passing insect touches the hairs or skin on the rear of the caterpillar, it swings its head end around and grabs the insect, all in 1/10 of a second! Six long legs with forceful claws attack and hold up the intruder. Whatever is caught will be a tasty meal, such as a native fly or spider.
So great is this caterpillarís strength, that it often seizes prey heavier than itself. The caterpillar eats the prey struggling to escape! Donít think you can fool a carnivorous caterpillar by offering it a dead bug. The caterpillar will not touch it. Only a live, struggling meal will do. (Ohia Project- Bishop Museum)

Damselfly (Megalagrion, 25 species)

Most young damselflies live and grow in streams and ponds. In Hawaii many damselflies live in plants in rainforest. The adult lays her eggs in tiny puddles which form between leaves and stems of native plants. The young damselflies (nymphs) have special, swollen, hairy tails with breathing tubes to help them survive on land. Hawaiian damselflies also have another rare adaption. They play possum! That is, they will pretend they are dead when threatened, just like an opossum will. When a shadow passes over a damselfly, it will fold its wings and drop to the ground as if it were dead. Scientist believe this may prevent birds form eating the damselfly!
The adult damselfly catches its food in mid-air. It holds its front feet together to form an insect-catching basket. Itís lower jaw is also hinged to open wide for a tasty meal. These forest-living, possum-playing invertebrates are unique to Hawaii. (Ohia Project- Bishop Museum)